The function of deterritorialization: D is the movement by which 5
"one" leaves the territory. It is the operation of the line of flight. There
are very different cases.
D may be overlaid by a compensatory
reterritorialization obstructing the line of flight: D is then said to be
Anything can serve as a reterritorialization, in other words,
"stand for" the lost territory;
one can reterritorialize on a being, an
object, a book, an apparatus or system.. . For example, it is inaccurate
to say that the State apparatus is territorial: it in fact performs a D, but
one immediately overlaid by reterritorializations on property, work,
(clearly, that landowner ship, public or private, is not
territorial but reterritorializing).
. Among regimes of signs, the
signifying regime certainly attains a high level of D; but because it
simultaneously sets up a whole system of reterritorializations on the
signified, and on the signifier itself, it blocks the line of flight, allowing
only a negative D to persist.
Another case is when D becomes
positive—in other words, when it prevails over the reterritorializations,
which play only a secondary role—but nevertheless remains relative
because the line of flight it draws is segmented, is
sinks into black holes, or even
ends up in a
generalized black hole (catastrophe).
This is the case of the regime of
subjective signs, with its passional and consciousness-related D, which
is positive but only in
a relative sense.
It will be noted immediately that these two major
forms of D are not in a simple evolutionary relation to each other:
the second may break away from the first, or it may lead into it (notably
when the segmentations of converging lines of flight bring an
overall reterritorialization or one benefiting a particular segment,
thus arresting the movement of escape).
There are all kinds of mixed
figures, assuming highly varied forms of D.
ConCreTe RulEs an AbStrAct MaChinEs _______________________________AThoUplaToE ~